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Alexander B. Downes

Alexander B. Downes is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at The George Washington University.

Muammar_al-Gaddafi,_12th_AU_Summit,_090202-N-0506A-324

History shows that forcing rulers from power rarely works. Even apparently successful regime changes often leads to bitter civil war.

Alexander B. Downes

I thank the respondents for their excellent commentaries.

Alexander B. Downes